Clearway Energy, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2023 Financial Results

Clearway Energy, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2023 Financial Results

  • Signed agreements with Clearway Group to commit to invest in a 147 MW battery energy storage system and a 160 MW wind farm
  • Received offer from Clearway Group to invest in a 55 MW wind farm
  • Updating 2023 financial guidance
  • Raising Pro Forma CAFD Outlook
  • Increasing the quarterly dividend by 2% to $0.3891 per share in the third quarter of 2023, or $1.5564 per share annualized
  • Continue to target annual dividend per share growth in the upper range of 5% to 8% through 2026

PRINCETON, N.J., Aug. 08, 2023 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Clearway Energy, Inc. (NYSE: CWEN, CWEN.A) today reported second quarter 2023 financial results, including Net Income of $84 million, Adjusted EBITDA of $316 million, Cash from Operating Activities of $134 million, and Cash Available for Distribution (CAFD) of $137 million.

"As we disclosed in mid-July, historically low wind production in the second quarter negatively impacted the quarter's financial results. Given that first and second quarter’s results were impacted by weaker renewable resource, we are lowering our 2023 financial guidance,” said Christopher Sotos, Clearway Energy, Inc.’s President and Chief Executive Officer. “Despite the 2023 guidance revision, our long-term outlook and visibility into achieving it remains on track as highlighted by this quarter's commitments to invest in the Rosamond Central battery storage project and Cedar Creek wind farm. The Company continues to have line of sight to the future deployment of the excess proceeds from the Thermal sale and expects to deliver at the upper range of its dividend growth target through 2026”

Adjusted EBITDA and Cash Available for Distribution used in this press release are non-GAAP measures and are explained in greater detail under “Non-GAAP Financial Information” below.

Overview of Financial and Operating Results

Segment Results

Table 1: Net Income/(Loss)

($ millions) Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
Segment 6/30/23 6/30/22 6/30/23 6/30/22
Conventional  37   33   61   80 
Renewables  98   83   50   (36)
Thermal     4      17 
Corporate  (51)  1,029   (67)  991 
Net Income/(Loss) $84  $1,149  $44  $1,052 


Table 2: Adjusted EBITDA

($ millions) Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
Segment 6/30/23 6/30/22 6/30/23 6/30/22
Conventional  76   85   152   183 
Renewables  248   285   399   439 
Thermal     5      23 
Corporate  (8)  (9)  (17)  (19)
Adjusted EBITDA $316  $366  $534  $626 


Table 3: Cash from Operating Activities and Cash Available for Distribution (CAFD)

  Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
($ millions) 6/30/23 6/30/22 6/30/23 6/30/22
Cash from Operating Activities $134  $186  $209  $279 
Cash Available for Distribution (CAFD) $137  $176  $133  $174 


For the second quarter of 2023, the Company reported Net Income of $84 million, Adjusted EBITDA of $316 million, Cash from Operating Activities of $134 million, and CAFD of $137 million. Net Income decreased versus 2022 primarily due to a non-cash gain on the disposition of the Thermal business recorded in 2022. Adjusted EBITDA and Cash from Operating Activities results in the second quarter were lower than 2022 due to the disposition of the Thermal business, lower renewable production, and the expiration of certain tolling agreements in the Conventional fleet. CAFD results in the second quarter of 2023 were lower than 2022 primarily due to lower EBITDA partially offset by lower debt service from Conventional project-level maturities.

Operational Performance

Table 4: Selected Operating Results1

(MWh in thousands) Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
  6/30/23 6/30/22 6/30/23 6/30/22
Conventional Equivalent Availability Factor  90.1%  88.3%  82.3%  91.8%
Solar MWh generated/sold  1,544   1,538   2,410   2,598 
Wind MWh generated/sold  2,433   2,878   5,177   5,137 
Renewables generated/sold2  3,977   4,416   7,587   7,735 


In the second quarter of 2023, availability at the Conventional segment was higher than the second quarter of 2022 primarily due to the timing of spring outages between the first quarter and second quarter. Generation in the Renewables segment during the second quarter of 2023 was 10% lower than the second quarter of 2022 primarily due to lower wind resource partially offset by the contribution of growth investments. 

_________________________

1 Excludes equity method investments
2 Generation sold excludes MWh that are reimbursable for economic curtailment

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Table 5: Liquidity

($ millions) 6/30/2023 12/31/2022
Cash and Cash Equivalents:    
Clearway Energy, Inc. and Clearway Energy LLC, excluding subsidiaries $413  $536 
Subsidiaries  134   121 
Restricted Cash:    
Operating accounts  104   109 
Reserves, including debt service, distributions, performance obligations and other reserves  267   230 
Total Cash $918  $996 
Revolving credit facility availability  512   370 
Total Liquidity $1,430  $1,366 


Total liquidity as of June 30, 2023, was $1,430 million, which was $64 million higher than as of December 31, 2022, primarily due to the refinancing of the revolving credit facility which increased its total capacity to $700 million from $495 million. This was partially offset by the execution of growth investments.

As of June 30, 2023, the Company's liquidity included $371 million of restricted cash. Restricted cash consists primarily of funds to satisfy the requirements of certain debt arrangements and funds held within the Company's projects that are restricted in their use. As of June 30, 2023, these restricted funds were comprised of $104 million designated to fund operating expenses, approximately $168 million designated for current debt service payments, and $85 million of reserves for debt service, performance obligations and other items including capital expenditures. The remaining $14 million is held in distribution reserve accounts.

Potential future sources of liquidity include excess operating cash flow, availability under the revolving credit facility, asset dispositions, and, subject to market conditions, new corporate debt and equity financings.

Growth Investments and Strategic Announcements 

Offer to Invest in Dan's Mountain Wind

On August 4, 2023, Clearway Group offered the Company the opportunity to own 100% cash equity interest in a 55 MW wind project located in Allegany County, Maryland that is expected to reach commercial operations in the second half of 2024. The potential corporate capital commitment for the investment is expected to be approximately $77 million. The investment is subject to negotiation, both with Clearway Group and the review and approval by the Company’s Independent Directors.

Rosamond Central Battery Storage

On June 30, 2023, the Company, through an indirect subsidiary, acquired a 50% ownership interest in an entity that will facilitate and fund the construction of a 147 MW battery energy storage system, or BESS, located in Rosamond, California that is expected to achieve commercial operations in 2024. The BESS system will be co-located at the Rosamond Central solar facility that the Company currently has a 50% ownership interest in. The BESS project is underpinned by a 15-year resource adequacy contract with an investment grade load serving entity. Upon reaching certain milestones, the Company expects to invest a total of $32 million of corporate capital. The Company expects the project to contribute asset CAFD on a five-year average annual basis of approximately $3.5 million beginning January 1, 2025.

Cedar Creek Wind

On May 19, 2023, the Company, through an indirect subsidiary, entered into an agreement to acquire the Cedar Creek wind project, a 160 MW project located in Bingham County, Idaho, for $107 million in cash, subject to customary working capital adjustments. Upon achieving commercial operations, which is expected to occur in the first half of 2024, the project will sell its power under a 25-year PPA with a investment grade utility. The Company expects the project to contribute asset CAFD on a five-year average annual basis of approximately $10 million beginning January 1, 2025.

Quarterly Dividend

On August 7, 2023, Clearway Energy, Inc.’s Board of Directors declared a quarterly dividend on Class A and Class C common stock of $0.3891 per share payable on September 15, 2023, to stockholders of record as of September 1, 2023.

The Company anticipates that a portion of the dividends expected to be paid in 2023 and beyond may be treated as taxable for U.S. federal income tax purposes. The portion of dividends in future years that will be treated as taxable will depend upon a number of factors, including but not limited to, the Company’s overall performance and the gross amount of any dividends made to stockholders in 2023 and beyond.

Seasonality

Clearway Energy, Inc.’s quarterly operating results are impacted by seasonal factors, as well as weather variability which can impact renewable energy resource. Most of the Company's revenues are generated from the months of May through September, as contracted pricing and renewable resources are at their highest levels in the Company’s portfolio. Factors driving the fluctuation in Net Income, Adjusted EBITDA, Cash from Operating Activities, and CAFD include the following:

  • Higher summer capacity prices from conventional assets;
  • Higher solar insolation during the summer months;
  • Higher wind resources during the spring and summer months;
  • Debt service payments which are made either quarterly or semi-annually;
  • Timing of maintenance capital expenditures and the impact of both unforced and forced outages; and
  • Timing of distributions from unconsolidated affiliates

The Company takes into consideration the timing of these factors to ensure sufficient funds are available for distributions and operating activities on a quarterly basis.

Financial Guidance and Pro Forma CAFD Outlook

The Company is updating 2023 full year CAFD guidance from $410 million to a range of $330 million to $360 million. The updated 2023 financial guidance reflects actual results to date as well as potential production variability for both wind and solar for the second half of the year and sensitivity for merchant energy margin at the Conventional segment. The potential production variability reflected in the revised financial guidance is based on year-to-date observations of production and weather patterns. The Company's 2023 financial guidance also factors in the contribution of committed growth investments based on current expected closing timelines. 2023 CAFD guidance does not factor in the timing of when CAFD is realized from new growth investments pursuant to 5-year averages beyond 2023.

The Company is increasing its pro forma CAFD outlook expectations to approximately $420 million due to committed growth investments. The pro forma CAFD outlook continues to be based on management expectations for median renewable energy production estimates. 

Earnings Conference Call

On August 8, 2023, Clearway Energy, Inc. will host a conference call at 8:00 a.m. Eastern to discuss these results. Investors, the news media and others may access the live webcast of the conference call and accompanying presentation materials by logging on to Clearway Energy, Inc.’s website at http://www.clearwayenergy.com and clicking on “Presentations & Webcasts” under “Investor Relations.”

About Clearway Energy, Inc.

Clearway Energy, Inc. is one of the largest renewable energy owners in the US with over 5,500 net MW of installed wind and solar generation projects. The Company's over 8,000 net MW of assets also include approximately 2,500 net MW of environmentally-sound, highly efficient natural gas generation facilities. Through this environmentally-sound diversified and primarily contracted portfolio, Clearway Energy endeavors to provide its investors with stable and growing dividend income. Clearway Energy, Inc.’s Class C and Class A common stock are traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbols CWEN and CWEN.A, respectively. Clearway Energy, Inc. is sponsored by its controlling investor, Clearway Energy Group LLC. For more information, visit investor.clearwayenergy.com.

Safe Harbor Disclosure

This news release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Such forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions, and typically can be identified by the use of words such as “expect,” “estimate,” "target," “anticipate,” “forecast,” “plan,” “outlook,” “believe” and similar terms. Such forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding, the Company’s dividend expectations and its operations, its facilities and its financial results, impacts related to COVID-19 (including any variant of the virus) or any other pandemic, statements regarding the anticipated consummation of the transactions described above, the anticipated benefits, opportunities, and results with respect to the transactions, including the Company’s future relationship and arrangements with Global Infrastructure Partners, TotalEnergies, and Clearway Energy Group, as well as the Company's Net Income, Adjusted EBITDA, Cash from Operating Activities, Cash Available for Distribution, the Company’s future revenues, income, indebtedness, capital structure, strategy, plans, expectations, objectives, projected financial performance and/or business results and other future events, and views of economic and market conditions.

Although Clearway Energy, Inc. believes that the expectations are reasonable, it can give no assurance that these expectations will prove to be correct, and actual results may vary materially. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those contemplated above include, among others, the Company's ability to maintain and grow its quarterly dividend, impacts related to COVID-19 (including any variant of the virus) or any other pandemic, risks relating to the Company's relationships with its sponsors, the failure to identify, execute or successfully implement acquisitions or dispositions (including receipt of third party consents and regulatory approvals), the Company's ability to acquire assets from its sponsors, the Company’s ability to borrow additional funds and access capital markets due to its indebtedness, corporate structure, market conditions or otherwise, hazards customary in the power industry, weather conditions, including wind and solar performance, the Company’s ability to operate its businesses efficiently, manage maintenance capital expenditures and costs effectively, and generate earnings and cash flows from its asset-based businesses in relation to its debt and other obligations, the willingness and ability of counterparties to the Company’s offtake agreements to fulfill their obligations under such agreements, the Company's ability to enter into new contracts as existing contracts expire, changes in government regulations, operating and financial restrictions placed on the Company that are contained in the project-level debt facilities and other agreements of the Company and its subsidiaries, and cyber terrorism and inadequate cybersecurity. Furthermore, any dividends are subject to available capital, market conditions, and compliance with associated laws and regulations.

Clearway Energy, Inc. undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. The Cash Available for Distribution are estimates as of today’s date, August 8, 2023, and are based on assumptions believed to be reasonable as of this date. Clearway Energy, Inc. expressly disclaims any current intention to update such guidance. The foregoing review of factors that could cause Clearway Energy, Inc.’s actual results to differ materially from those contemplated in the forward-looking statements included in this news release should be considered in connection with information regarding risks and uncertainties that may affect Clearway Energy, Inc.’s future results included in Clearway Energy, Inc.’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission at www.sec.gov. In addition, Clearway Energy, Inc. makes available free of charge at www.clearwayenergy.com, copies of materials it files with, or furnishes to, the Securities and Exchange Commission.

# # #

Contacts: 
  
Investors:Media:
Akil MarshZadie Oleksiw
[email protected][email protected]
609-608-1500202-836-5754



CLEARWAY ENERGY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(Unaudited)
 
 Three months ended June 30, Six months ended June 30,
(In millions, except per share amounts) 2023   2022   2023   2022 
Operating Revenues       
Total operating revenues$406  $368  $694  $582 
Operating Costs and Expenses       
Cost of operations, exclusive of depreciation, amortization and accretion shown separately below 118   112   226   240 
Depreciation, amortization and accretion 128   126   256   250 
General and administrative 9   11   19   23 
Transaction and integration costs 2   3   2   5 
Development costs    1      2 
Total operating costs and expenses 257   253   503   520 
Gain on sale of business    1,291      1,291 
Operating Income 149   1,406   191   1,353 
Other Income (Expense)       
Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates 3   10      14 
Other income, net 9   5   17   5 
Loss on debt extinguishment          (2)
Interest expense (55)  (47)  (154)  (94)
Total other expense, net (43)  (32)  (137)  (77)
Income Before Income Taxes 106   1,374   54   1,276 
Income tax expense 22   225   10   224 
Net Income 84   1,149   44   1,052 
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests and redeemable noncontrolling interests 46   579   6   514 
Net Income Attributable to Clearway Energy, Inc.$38  $570  $38  $538 
Earnings Per Share Attributable to Clearway Energy, Inc. Class A and Class C Common Stockholders       
Weighted average number of Class A common shares outstanding - basic and diluted 35   35   35   35 
Weighted average number of Class C common shares outstanding - basic and diluted 82   82   82   82 
Earnings Per Weighted Average Class A and Class C Common Share - Basic and Diluted$0.33  $4.89  $0.32  $4.62 
Dividends Per Class A Common Share$0.3818  $0.3536  $0.7563  $0.7004 
Dividends Per Class C Common Share$0.3818  $0.3536  $0.7563  $0.7004 



CLEARWAY ENERGY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)
 
 Three months ended June 30, Six months ended June 30,
(In millions) 2023   2022   2023   2022 
Net Income$84  $1,149  $44  $1,052 
Other Comprehensive Income       
Unrealized gain on derivatives and changes in accumulated OCI/OCL, net of income tax expense, of $1, $1, $— and $3 3   6      20 
Other comprehensive income 3   6      20 
Comprehensive Income 87   1,155   44   1,072 
Less: Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests and redeemable noncontrolling interests 48 . 583   6   526 
Comprehensive Income Attributable to Clearway Energy, Inc.$39 .$572  $38  $546 



CLEARWAY ENERGY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 
(In millions, except shares)June 30, 2023 December 31, 2022
ASSETS(Unaudited)  
Current Assets   
Cash and cash equivalents$547  $657 
Restricted cash 371   339 
Accounts receivable — trade 215   153 
Accounts receivable — affiliates 1    
Inventory 51   47 
Derivative instruments 34   26 
Prepayments and other current assets 70   54 
Total current assets 1,289   1,276 
Property, plant and equipment, net 7,748   7,421 
Other Assets   
Equity investments in affiliates 352   364 
Intangible assets for power purchase agreements, net 2,397   2,488 
Other intangible assets, net 74   77 
Derivative instruments 83   63 
Right-of-use assets, net 550   527 
Other non-current assets 131   96 
Total other assets 3,587   3,615 
Total Assets$12,624  $12,312 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY   
Current Liabilities   
Current portion of long-term debt$330  $322 
Accounts payable — trade 63   55 
Accounts payable — affiliates 61   22 
Derivative instruments 44   50 
Accrued interest expense 54   54 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities 54   114 
Total current liabilities 606   617 
Other Liabilities   
Long-term debt 6,708   6,491 
Deferred income taxes 118   119 
Derivative instruments 259   303 
Long-term lease liabilities 578   548 
Other non-current liabilities 213   201 
Total other liabilities 7,876   7,662 
Total Liabilities 8,482   8,279 
Redeemable noncontrolling interest in subsidiaries 15   7 
Commitments and Contingencies   
Stockholders’ Equity   
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; 10,000,000 shares authorized; none issued     
Class A, Class B, Class C and Class D common stock, $0.01 par value; 3,000,000,000 shares authorized (Class A 500,000,000, Class B 500,000,000, Class C 1,000,000,000, Class D 1,000,000,000); 202,075,237 shares issued and outstanding (Class A 34,613,853, Class B 42,738,750, Class C 82,385,884, Class D 42,336,750) at June 30, 2023 and 201,972,813 shares issued and outstanding (Class A 34,613,853, Class B 42,738,750, Class C 82,283,460, Class D 42,336,750) at December 31, 2022 1   1 
Additional paid-in capital 1,718   1,761 
Retained earnings 412   463 
Accumulated other comprehensive income 9   9 
Noncontrolling interest 1,987   1,792 
Total Stockholders’ Equity 4,127   4,026 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity$12,624  $12,312 


 

CLEARWAY ENERGY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
 
 Six months ended June 30,
(In millions) 2023   2022 
Cash Flows from Operating Activities   
Net Income$44  $1,052 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities   
Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates    (14)
Distributions from unconsolidated affiliates 11   17 
Depreciation, amortization and accretion 256   250 
Amortization of financing costs and debt discounts 6   7 
Amortization of intangibles 94   82 
Loss on debt extinguishment    2 
Gain on sale of business    (1,291)
Reduction in carrying amount of right-of-use assets. 8   7 
Changes in deferred income taxes 9   197 
Changes in derivative instruments and amortization of accumulated OCI/OCL (51)  92 
Cash used in changes in other working capital   
Changes in prepaid and accrued liabilities for tolling agreements (56)  (74)
Changes in other working capital (112)  (48)
Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities 209   279 
Cash Flows from Investing Activities   
Acquisition of Drop Down Assets, net of cash acquired (7)  (51)
Capital expenditures (109)  (81)
Return of investment from unconsolidated affiliates 10   6 
Investments in unconsolidated affiliates (10)   
Proceeds from sale of business    1,457 
Net Cash (Used in) Provided by Investing Activities (116)  1,331 
Cash Flows from Financing Activities   
Contributions from (distributions to) noncontrolling interests, net 275   (7)
Payments of dividends and distributions (153)  (141)
Distributions to CEG of escrowed amounts    (64)
Tax-related distributions (19)   
Proceeds from the revolving credit facility    80 
Payments for the revolving credit facility    (325)
Proceeds from the issuance of long-term debt 42   214 
Payments of debt issuance costs (8)  (4)
Payments for long-term debt (306)  (722)
Other (2)  (7)
Net Cash Used in Financing Activities (171)  (976)
Net (Decrease) Increase in Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash (78)  634 
Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash at Beginning of Period 996   654 
Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash at End of Period.$918  $1,288 


CLEARWAY ENERGY, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2023

(Unaudited)

(In millions)Preferred
Stock
 Common
Stock
 Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 Retained Earnings Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Income
 Noncontrolling
Interest
 Total
Stockholders’
Equity
Balances at December 31, 2022$  $1  $1,761  $463  $9  $1,792  $4,026 
Net loss                (43)  (43)
Unrealized loss on derivatives and changes in accumulated OCI, net of tax             (1)  (2)  (3)
Contributions from CEG, net of distributions, cash                30   30 
Contributions from noncontrolling interests, net of distributions, cash                215   215 
Transfers of assets under common control       (52)        46   (6)
Non-cash adjustments for change in tax basis       9            9 
Stock-based compensation       1            1 
Common stock dividends and distributions to CEG unit holders          (44)     (32)  (76)
Balances at March 31, 2023    1   1,719   419   8   2,006   4,153 
Net income          38      40   78 
Unrealized gain on derivatives and changes in accumulated OCI, net of tax             1   2   3 
Distributions to CEG, net of contributions, cash                (4)  (4)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests, net of contributions, cash                (5)  (5)
Tax-related distributions                (19)  (19)
Stock-based compensation       (1)           (1)
Common stock dividends and distributions to CEG unit holders          (45)     (32)  (77)
Other                (1)  (1)
Balances at June 30, 2023$  $1  $1,718  $412  $9  $1,987  $4,127 


CLEARWAY ENERGY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2022
(Unaudited)
 
(In millions)Preferred
Stock
 Common
Stock
 Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 Accumulated
Deficit
 Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 Noncontrolling
Interest
 Total
Stockholders’
Equity
Balances at December 31, 2021$  $1  $1,872  $(33) $(6) $1,466  $3,300 
Net loss          (32)     (67)  (99)
Unrealized gain on derivatives, net of tax             6   8   14 
Distributions to CEG, net of contributions, cash                (3)  (3)
Contributions from noncontrolling interests, net of distributions, cash                28   28 
Transfers of assets under common control       (12)        (25)  (37)
Non-cash adjustments for change in tax basis       8            8 
Stock based compensation       (2)           (2)
Common stock dividends and distributions to CEG unit holders       (40)        (30)  (70)
Balances at March 31, 2022    1   1,826   (65)     1,377   3,139 
Net income          570      575   1,145 
Unrealized gain on derivatives, net of tax.             2   4   6 
Distributions to CEG, net of contributions, cash                (20)  (20)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests, net of contributions, cash                (10)  (10)
Non-cash adjustments for change in tax basis       (1)           (1)
Stock based compensation       1            1 
Common stock dividends and distributions to CEG unit holders.       (41)        (30)  (71)
Balances at June 30, 2022$  $1  $1,785  $505  $2  $1,896  $4,189 


Appendix Table A-1: Three Months Ended June 30, 2023, Segment Adjusted EBITDA Reconciliation
The following table summarizes the calculation of Adjusted EBITDA and provides a reconciliation to Net Income/(Loss):

           
($ in millions) Conventional Renewables Thermal Corporate Total
Net Income (Loss) $37  $98  $  $(51) $84 
Plus:          
Income Tax Expense           22   22 
Interest Expense, net  7   21      18   46 
Depreciation, Amortization, and ARO  32   96         128 
Contract Amortization  5   42         47 
Mark to Market (MtM) (Gain)/Loss on economic hedges     (26)        (26)
Transaction and integration costs           2   2 
Other non-recurring  (8)  1         (7)
Adjustments to reflect CWEN’s pro-rata share of Adjusted EBITDA from Unconsolidated Affiliates  3   16         19 
Non-Cash Equity Compensation           1   1 
Adjusted EBITDA $76  $248  $  $(8) $316 


Appendix Table A-2: Three Months Ended June 30, 2022, Segment Adjusted EBITDA Reconciliation
The following table summarizes the calculation of Adjusted EBITDA and provides a reconciliation to Net Income/(Loss):

           
($ in millions) Conventional Renewables Thermal Corporate Total
Net Income (Loss) $33  $83  $4  $1,029  $1,149 
Plus:          
Income Tax Expense           225   225 
Interest Expense, net  10   10   1   24   45 
Depreciation, Amortization, and ARO  33   93         126 
Contract Amortization  6   35         41 
Mark to Market (MtM) (Gain)/Loss on economic hedges     52         52 
Transaction and integration costs           3   3 
Other non-recurring           (1,291)  (1,291)
Adjustments to reflect CWEN’s pro-rata share of Adjusted EBITDA from Unconsolidated Affiliates  3   12         15 
Non-Cash Equity Compensation           1   1 
Adjusted EBITDA $85  $285  $5  $(9) $366 


Appendix Table A-3: Six Months Ended June 30, 2023, Segment Adjusted EBITDA Reconciliation
The following table summarizes the calculation of Adjusted EBITDA and provides a reconciliation to Net Income/(Loss):

($ in millions) Conventional Renewables Thermal Corporate Total
Net Income (Loss) $61  $50  $  $(67) $44 
Plus:          
Income Tax Expense           10   10 
Interest Expense, net  17   83      36   136 
Depreciation, Amortization, and ARO  65   191         256 
Contract Amortization  11   83         94 
Mark to Market (MtM) (Gain)/Loss on economic hedges     (45)        (45)
Transaction and Integration costs           2   2 
Other Non-recurring  (8)  5         (3)
Adjustments to reflect CWEN’s pro-rata share of Adjusted EBITDA from Unconsolidated Affiliates  6   32         38 
Non-Cash Equity Compensation           2   2 
Adjusted EBITDA $152  $399  $  $(17) $534 


Appendix Table A-4: Six Months Ended June 30, 2022, Segment Adjusted EBITDA Reconciliation
The following table summarizes the calculation of Adjusted EBITDA and provides a reconciliation to Net Income/(Loss):

($ in millions) Conventional Renewables Thermal Corporate Total
Net Income (Loss) $80  $(36) $17  $991  $1,052 
Plus:          
Income Tax Expense           224   224 
Interest Expense, net  18   18   6   50   92 
Depreciation, Amortization, and ARO  66   184         250 
Contract Amortization  12   71         83 
Loss on Debt Extinguishment     2         2 
Mark to Market (MtM) (Gain)/Loss on economic hedges     178         178 
Transaction and Integration costs           5   5 
Other Non-recurring  1         (1,291)  (1,290)
Adjustments to reflect CWEN’s pro-rata share of Adjusted EBITDA from Unconsolidated Affiliates  6   22         28 
Non-Cash Equity Compensation           2   2 
Adjusted EBITDA $183  $439  $23  $(19) $626 


Appendix Table A-5: Cash Available for Distribution Reconciliation
The following table summarizes the calculation of Cash Available for Distribution and provides a reconciliation to Cash from Operating Activities:

  Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
($ in millions) 6/30/23 6/30/22 6/30/23 6/30/22
Adjusted EBITDA $316  $366  $534  $626 
Cash interest paid  (55)  (62)  (148)  (159)
Changes in prepaid and accrued liabilities for tolling agreements  (17)  (30)  (56)  (74)
Adjustments to reflect sale-type leases and payments for lease expenses  2   2   3   3 
Pro-rata Adjusted EBITDA from unconsolidated affiliates  (21)  (25)  (36)  (41)
Distributions from unconsolidated affiliates  5   6   11   17 
Changes in working capital and other  (96)  (71)  (99)  (93)
Cash from Operating Activities  134   186   209   279 
Changes in working capital and other  96   71   99   93 
Development Expenses3     1      2 
Return of investment from unconsolidated affiliates  1   3   10   6 
Net contributions (to)/from non-controlling interest4  (10)  (10)  (20)  (20)
Maintenance capital expenditures  (6)  (5)  (13)  (12)
Principal amortization of indebtedness5  (78)  (70)  (152)  (174)
Cash Available for Distribution6 $137  $176  $133  $174 


_________________________

3 Primarily related to Thermal Development Expenses
4 2023 excludes $229 million of contributions related to the funding of Rosamond Central Battery Storage, Waiawa, and Daggett; 2022 excludes $50 million of contributions related to the funding of Mesquite Sky, Black Rock, and Mililani
5 2023 excludes $130 million for the repayment of construction loans in connection with Waiawa and Daggett, and $24 million for the repayment of balloon at Walnut Creek Holdings; 2022 excludes $660 million for the repayment of the Bridge Loan Facility and revolver payments, $186 million for the refinancing of Tapestry Wind, Laredo Ridge, and Viento, and $27 million for the repayment of bridge loans in connection with Mililani
6 Excludes income tax payments related to Thermal sale


Appendix Table A-6: Six Months Ended June 30, 2023, Sources and Uses of Liquidity
The following table summarizes the sources and uses of liquidity in 2023:

  Six Months Ended
($ in millions) 6/30/23
Sources:  
Contributions from (distributions to) noncontrolling interests, net  275 
Net cash provided by operating activities  209 
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt  42 
Return of investment from unconsolidated affiliates  10 
   
Uses:  
Payments for long-term debt  (306)
Payments of dividends and distributions  (153)
Capital expenditures  (109)
Other net cash outflows  (46)
   
Change in total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash $(78)



Appendix Table A-5: Adjusted EBITDA and Cash Available for Distribution Guidance

($ in millions) Prior
2023 Full Year Guidance

 2023 Full Year Guidance
Net Income  165  95 - 120
Income Tax Expense  30  20 - 25
Interest Expense, net  300   300 
Depreciation, Amortization, and ARO Expense  620   620 
Adjustment to reflect CWEN share of Adjusted EBITDA in unconsolidated affiliates  50   50 
Non-Cash Equity Compensation  5   5 
Adjusted EBITDA  1,170  1,090 - 1,120
Cash interest paid  (300)  (300)
Changes in prepaid and accrued liabilities for tolling agreements  (32)  (32)
Adjustments to reflect sale-type leases and payments for lease expenses  10   10 
Pro-rata Adjusted EBITDA from unconsolidated affiliates  (85)  (85)
Cash distributions from unconsolidated affiliates7  45   45 
Cash from Operating Activities  808  728 - 758
Net distributions to non-controlling interest8  (60)  (60)
Maintenance capital expenditures  (35)  (35)
Principal amortization of indebtedness9  (303)  (303)
Cash Available for Distribution10  410  330 - 360


_________________________

7 Distribution from unconsolidated affiliates can be classified as Return of Investment on Unconsolidated Affiliates when actuals are reported. This is below cash from operating activities
8 Includes tax equity proceeds and distributions to tax equity partners
9 Excludes balloon maturity payments in 2023
10 Excludes income tax payments related to Thermal sale


Appendix Table A-6: Adjusted EBITDA and Cash Available for Distribution Pro Forma Outlook

($ in millions) Pro Forma CAFD Outlook
Net Income  145 
Income Tax Expense  25 
Interest Expense, net  395 
Depreciation, Amortization, and ARO Expense  580 
Adjustment to reflect CWEN share of Adjusted EBITDA in unconsolidated affiliates  45 
Non-Cash Equity Compensation  5 
Adjusted EBITDA  1,195 
Cash interest paid  (310)
Changes in prepaid and accrued liabilities for tolling agreements  (5)
Adjustments to reflect sale-type leases and payments for lease expenses  6 
Pro-rata Adjusted EBITDA from unconsolidated affiliates  (86)
Cash distributions from unconsolidated affiliates  48 
Cash from Operating Activities  848 
Net distributions to non-controlling interest  (107)
Maintenance capital expenditures  (24)
Principal amortization of indebtedness  (297)
Cash Available for Distribution  420 


Appendix Table A-7: Growth Investments 5 Year Average CAFD

($ in millions) Cedar Creek
5 Year Ave. 2025-2029

 Rosamond Central Battery Storage
5 Year Ave. 2025-2029
Net Income  2   10.0 
Interest Expense, net  6   8.0 
Depreciation, Amortization, and ARO Expense  8   15.0 
Adjusted EBITDA  16   33.0 
Cash interest paid  (6)  (8.0)
Cash from Operating Activities  10   25.0 
Net distributions (to)/from non-controlling interest  2   (12.5)
Maintenance capital expenditures     (1.0)
Principal amortization of indebtedness  (2)  (8.0)
Estimated Cash Available for Distribution  10   3.5 


Non-GAAP Financial Information

EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA

EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, and Cash Available for Distribution (CAFD) are non-GAAP financial measures. These measurements are not recognized in accordance with GAAP and should not be viewed as an alternative to GAAP measures of performance. The presentation of non-GAAP financial measures should not be construed as an inference that Clearway Energy’s future results will be unaffected by unusual or non-recurring items.

EBITDA represents net income before interest (including loss on debt extinguishment), taxes, depreciation and amortization. EBITDA is presented because Clearway Energy considers it an important supplemental measure of its performance and believes debt and equity holders frequently use EBITDA to analyze operating performance and debt service capacity. EBITDA has limitations as an analytical tool, and you should not consider it in isolation, or as a substitute for analysis of our operating results as reported under GAAP. Some of these limitations are:

  • EBITDA does not reflect cash expenditures, or future requirements for capital expenditures, or contractual commitments;
  • EBITDA does not reflect changes in, or cash requirements for, working capital needs;
  • EBITDA does not reflect the significant interest expense, or the cash requirements necessary to service interest or principal payments, on debt or cash income tax payments;
  • Although depreciation and amortization are non-cash charges, the assets being depreciated and amortized will often have to be replaced in the future, and EBITDA does not reflect any cash requirements for such replacements; and
  • Other companies in this industry may calculate EBITDA differently than Clearway Energy does, limiting its usefulness as a comparative measure.

Because of these limitations, EBITDA should not be considered as a measure of discretionary cash available to use to invest in the growth of Clearway Energy’s business. Clearway Energy compensates for these limitations by relying primarily on our GAAP results and using EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA only supplementally. See the statements of cash flow included in the financial statements that are a part of this news release.

Adjusted EBITDA is presented as a further supplemental measure of operating performance. Adjusted EBITDA represents EBITDA adjusted for mark-to-market gains or losses, non-cash equity compensation expense, asset write offs and impairments; and factors which we do not consider indicative of future operating performance such as transition and integration related costs. The reader is encouraged to evaluate each adjustment and the reasons Clearway Energy considers it appropriate for supplemental analysis. As an analytical tool, Adjusted EBITDA is subject to all of the limitations applicable to EBITDA. In addition, in evaluating Adjusted EBITDA, the reader should be aware that in the future Clearway Energy may incur expenses similar to the adjustments in this news release.

Management believes Adjusted EBITDA is useful to investors and other users of our financial statements in evaluating our operating performance because it provides them with an additional tool to compare business performance across companies and across periods. This measure is widely used by investors to measure a company’s operating performance without regard to items such as interest expense, taxes, depreciation and amortization, which can vary substantially from company to company depending upon accounting methods and book value of assets, capital structure and the method by which assets were acquired.

Additionally, Management believes that investors commonly adjust EBITDA information to eliminate the effect of restructuring and other expenses, which vary widely from company to company and impair comparability. As we define it, Adjusted EBITDA represents EBITDA adjusted for the effects of impairment losses, gains or losses on sales, non-cash equity compensation expense, dispositions or retirements of assets, any mark-to-market gains or losses from accounting for derivatives, adjustments to exclude gains or losses on the repurchase, modification or extinguishment of debt, and any extraordinary, unusual or non-recurring items plus adjustments to reflect the Adjusted EBITDA from our unconsolidated investments. We adjust for these items in our Adjusted EBITDA as our management believes that these items would distort their ability to efficiently view and assess our core operating trends.

In summary, our management uses Adjusted EBITDA as a measure of operating performance to assist in comparing performance from period to period on a consistent basis and to readily view operating trends, as a measure for planning and forecasting overall expectations and for evaluating actual results against such expectations, and in communications with our Board of Directors, shareholders, creditors, analysts and investors concerning our financial performance.

Cash Available for Distribution

A non-GAAP measure, Cash Available for Distribution is defined as of June 30, 2023 as Adjusted EBITDA plus cash distributions/return of investment from unconsolidated affiliates, cash receipts from notes receivable, cash distributions from noncontrolling interests, adjustments to reflect sales-type lease cash payments and payments for lease expenses, less cash distributions to noncontrolling interests, maintenance capital expenditures, pro-rata Adjusted EBITDA from unconsolidated affiliates, cash interest paid, income taxes paid, principal amortization of indebtedness, changes in prepaid and accrued capacity payments, and adjusted for development expenses. Management believes CAFD is a relevant supplemental measure of the Company’s ability to earn and distribute cash returns to investors.

We believe CAFD is useful to investors in evaluating our operating performance because securities analysts and other interested parties use such calculations as a measure of our ability to make quarterly distributions. In addition, CAFD is used by our management team for determining future acquisitions and managing our growth. The GAAP measure most directly comparable to CAFD is cash provided by operating activities.

However, CAFD has limitations as an analytical tool because it does not include changes in operating assets and liabilities and excludes the effect of certain other cash flow items, all of which could have a material effect on our financial condition and results from operations. CAFD is a non-GAAP measure and should not be considered an alternative to cash provided by operating activities or any other performance or liquidity measure determined in accordance with GAAP, nor is it indicative of funds available to fund our cash needs. In addition, our calculations of CAFD are not necessarily comparable to CAFD as calculated by other companies. Investors should not rely on these measures as a substitute for any GAAP measure, including cash provided by operating activities.